Everyman I, 1962: Peace Was Its Mission
Rummaging through some old files, I stumbled upon the drawing of Everyman I, artist unknown. Good time to recall the events of Spring, 1962 when the boat was launched and sailed into the Pacific Ocean to protest nuclear testing.
Everyman is the name of a boat built in 1961 in Sausalito by Bay Area peace movement activists to sail into Pacific Ocean nuclear test zones to protest nuclear testing. Harvey Richards’ film covers the construction of the boat and Everyman’s first and only voyage on May 27, l962 when it sailed out the Golden Gate only to be stopped twenty miles out by the U.S. Coast Guard. They arrested the crew and impounded the boat. Richards’ film also documents protests and sit-in demonstrations against the arrests at the U.S. Marshall’s office in San Francisco where Joan Baez took part, singing “We Shall Overcome.” The crew was eventually sentenced to 30 days in jail. Such anti-war protests helped to hasten the end of nuclear bomb testing with the signing of Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in August, 1963 and later “the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), a multilateral treaty by which states agree to ban all nuclear explosions in all environments, for military or civilian purposes. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 September 1996 but has not entered into force as eight specific states have not ratified the treaty yet.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comprehensive_Nuclear-Test-Ban_Treaty